St. Xavier's College, Ranchi, was started by the Ranchi Jesuit Society, on July 3, 1944. Ever since 1889 and pre-independence era, when a number of secondary schools came into existence in Ranchi, the Society felt the need of starting a College. St. Xavier's College was started in 1944 and was first affiliated to Patna university; from 1950-1960 the college was under Bihar University and when the Ranchi University came into existence in 1960, the college was affiliated to Ranchi University. St. Xavier's College, Ranchi is a premier institution of the State of Jharkhand, imparting quality education and has remained a centre of excellence till date. This is a minority educational institution. It has been accredited by NAAC with Grade- "A" in 2013. The University Grants Commission conferred Autonomous status in 2005 and granted "College with Potential for Excellence" status in 2006.